Test your knowledge in match-fixing

This Online Educational Tool has been created for players, coaches, referees and football stakeholders to raise awareness about match-fixing.

For your information, the definition of match-fixing was established by the Council of Europe’s Convention on the Manipulation of Sport Competitions, known as Macolin Convention. The definition is the following one used at international level :

Manipulation of sport competitions means an intentional arrangement, act or omission aimed at an improper alteration of the result or the course of a sport competition in order to remove all or part of the unpredictable nature of the aforementioned sport competition with a view to obtaining an undue advantage for oneself or for others.

Start
1/12

What is the main value concerned by match-fixing ?

In the sport spirit, games are played with several values. Those below are present in a football game and concern all of us. Match-fixing touches to one of those values and extremely place in danger the whole game.

Picture

Correct !

Match-fixing is one of the major problems in the sports industry including football. This phenomenon happens in several sports such as tennis and basketball.

This harmful effect affects a lot the integrity of our sport but what is the definition of “integrity”?

Based on the Cambridge Dictionary, integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. From the International Olympic Committee, integrity entails credibility, the credibility of competitions and sports organisations.

The aim of this project is also to protect the integrity and the values of true sportsmanship. We need to represent, respect, and encourage them to protect the game. Our code of conduct is based on several values such as the safety, respect, fairness, responsibility, but the integrity is the most predominant value to protect in your mind and in the football spirit.

If we lose this integrity, will the game remain credible? In some countries, due to match-fixing, the stadiums are empty.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is Integrity.

Related to the other values, respect refers to the admiration felt or shown for someone or something that you believe has good ideas or qualities such as integrity. Concerning the term passion, it is a very powerful feeling that people can have such as their passion for football, this can be impacted if we lose the integrity of football and sports. Teamwork is the activity of working together in a group with other people and this is also an aspect of the game that could be heavily impacted by the lack of integrity in football.

Match-fixing is one of the major problems in the sports industry including football. This phenomenon happens in several sports such as tennis and basketball.

This bad effect affects a lot the integrity of our sport but what is the definition of “integrity”?

Based on the Cambridge Dictionary, integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. From the International Olympic Committee, integrity entails credibility, the credibility of competitions and sports organisations.

The aim of this project is also to protect the integrity and the values of true sportsmanship. We need to represent, respect, and encourage them to protect the game. Our code of conduct is based on several values such as the safety, respect, fairness, responsibility, but the integrity is the most predominant value to protect in your mind and in the football spirit.

If we lose this integrity, will the game remain credible? In some countries, due to match-fixing, the stadiums are empty.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is Integrity.

Related to the other values, respect refers to the admiration felt or shown for someone or something that you believe has good ideas or qualities such as integrity. Concerning the term passion, it is a very powerful feeling that people can have such as their passion for football, this can be impacted if we lose the integrity of football and sports. Teamwork is the activity of working together in a group with other people and this is also an aspect of the game that could be heavily impacted by the lack of integrity in football.

Match-fixing is one of the major problems in the sports industry including football. This phenomenon happens in several sports such as tennis and basketball.

This bad effect affects a lot the integrity of our sport but what is the definition of “integrity”?

Based on the Cambridge Dictionary, integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. From the International Olympic Committee, integrity entails credibility, the credibility of competitions and sports organisations.

The aim of this project is also to protect the integrity and the values of true sportsmanship. We need to represent, respect, and encourage them to protect the game. Our code of conduct is based on several values such as the safety, respect, fairness, responsibility, but the integrity is the most predominant value to protect in your mind and in the football spirit.

If we lose this integrity, will the game remain credible? In some countries, due to match-fixing, the stadiums are empty.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is Integrity.

Related to the other values, respect refers to the admiration felt or shown for someone or something that you believe has good ideas or qualities such as integrity. Concerning the term passion, it is a very powerful feeling that people can have such as their passion for football, this can be impacted if we lose the integrity of football and sports. Teamwork is the activity of working together in a group with other people and this is also an aspect of the game that could be heavily impacted by the lack of integrity in football.

Match-fixing is one of the major problems in the sports industry including football. This phenomenon happens in several sports such as tennis and basketball.

This bad effect affects a lot the integrity of our sport but what is the definition of “integrity”?

Based on the Cambridge Dictionary, integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change. From the International Olympic Committee, integrity entails credibility, the credibility of competitions and sports organisations.

The aim of this project is also to protect the integrity and the values of true sportsmanship. We need to represent, respect, and encourage them to protect the game. Our code of conduct is based on several values such as the safety, respect, fairness, responsibility, but the integrity is the most predominant value to protect in your mind and in the football spirit.

If we lose this integrity, will the game remain credible? In some countries, due to match-fixing, the stadiums are empty.

2/12

How many form(s) of duress does it exist in match-fixing ?

Duress mentions the fact of forcible restraint or restriction. In match-fixing, we can see diverse events which can lead to a match-fixing situation. This could also be defined to get someone act in a way he does not wish or which is not in his best interest.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is 2 types.

Two forms of duress can take place, duress by threats and by circumstances.

Duress by threats is when a person orders someone else to commit a specified match-fix, while threatening them with a warning of death or serious violence. It leaves players feeling like the only way of protecting themselves or their loved ones is to carry out the fix.

However, with duress by circumstances, there is no requirement that a person specifies that a crime must be committed. Although, there must still be a sufficient connection between the threat and the crime.

Picture

Correct !

Two forms of duress can take place, duress by threats and by circumstances.

Duress by threats is when a person orders someone else to commit a specified match-fix, while threatening them with a warning of death or serious violence. It leaves players feeling like the only way of protecting themselves or their loved ones is to carry out the fix.

However, with duress by circumstances, there is no requirement that a person specifies that a crime must be committed. Although, there must still be a sufficient connection between the threat and the crime.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is 2 types.

Two forms of duress can take place, duress by threats and by circumstances.

Duress by threats is when a person orders someone else to commit a specified match-fix, while threatening them with a warning of death or serious violence. It leaves players feeling like the only way of protecting themselves or their loved ones is to carry out the fix.

However, with duress by circumstances, there is no requirement that a person specifies that a crime must be committed. Although, there must still be a sufficient connection between the threat and the crime.

3/12

From this list of people, who get the most powerful influence for match-fixers ?

These three people represent some stakeholders of the football industry. These persons are on the pitch for a gameday. These three categories of people all can influence the game in one way or another or  have a proper power to influence it.

Picture

Wrong! The correct answer is referees.

Players and coaches are stakeholders that could influence the game in diverse manners. However, their influence, as individual, is low in the outcomes of the game. A player alone will have problems to fix a game but could achieve certain action. The coach is at the same position, he can influence the game leading certain tactics but he cannot, as individual, take the decision concerning the outcome of a game.

Everybody can impact the results of a game. The fact is that referees have the power to take decisions. They can easily influence the quality, honesty and fairness of the game giving a red card, whistling a penalty, or taking other type of decision.

Referees are often a primary target as they have a high degree of influence on the outcome of competitions.

Picture

Correct!

Everybody can impact the results of a game. The fact is referees are in the center of decisions. They can easily influence the quality, honesty and fairness of the game giving a red card, whistling a penalty or taking other type of decision.

Referees are often a primary target as they have a high degree of influence on the outcome of competitions.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is referees.

Players and coaches are stakeholders that could influence the game in diverse manners. However, their influence, as individual, is low in the outcomes of the game. A player alone will have problems to fix a game but could achieve certain action. The coach is at the same position, he can influence the game leading certain tactics but he cannot, as individual, take the decision concerning the outcome of a game.

Everybody can impact the results of a game. The fact is that referees have the power to take decisions. They can easily influence the quality, honesty and fairness of the game giving a red card, whistling a penalty, or taking other type of decision.

Referees are often a primary target as they have a high degree of influence on the outcome of competitions.

4/12

Where do you need to report an issue related to match-fixing ?

Correct !

FIFPRO and UEFA has signed an agreement recognizing the Red Button App as the main tool for reporting incidents related to match-fixing.

This tool allows football professional players to report incidents related to match-fixing. Anonymously, players can mention and enter diverse elements of the match-fixing in order to report it which is one of his duty.

To know more about the Red Button App, please enter this link, Red Button App.

We invite you to contact your player’s association to have further information about this tool if you are unaware of its existence.

Wrong ! The correct answer is Red Button App.

FIFPRO and UEFA has signed an agreement recognizing the Red Button App as the main tool for reporting incidents related to match-fixing.

This tool allows professional football players to report incidents related to match-fixing. Anonymously, a player can mention and enter diverse elements of the match-fixing to report it which is one of his duties.

To know more about the Red Button App, please click here Red Button App

We invite you to contact your players association to have further information about this tool if you are unaware of its existence.

Wrong ! The correct answer is Red Button App.

FIFPRO and UEFA has signed an agreement recognizing the Red Button App as the main tool for reporting incidents related to match-fixing.

This tool allows professional football players to report incidents related to match-fixing. Anonymously, a player can mention and enter diverse elements of the match-fixing to report it which is one of his duties.

To know more about the Red Button App, please click here Red Button App

We invite you to contact your players association to have further information about this tool if you are unaware of its existence.

5/12

Fair Sport 4 All (FS4A) is a programme who will raise awareness of the threats of match-fixing, by educating clubs’ and players on fair sport. What is the code of conduct of FS4A ?

The Fair Sport 4 All has developed a code of conduct where you can find 5 main values represented by behaviours. This code can change from one programme to another, but they all contain the same idea: to keep you far from match-fixing.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is “Be Open, Be Smart, Be Careful, Be Clean, Be Safe”.

The programme Fair Sport 4 All has a code of conducts based on these terms, open, smart, careful, clean, and safe.

You can find the explanations of this code of conducts via this link, Code of Conducts.

We invite you to read it and to take knowledge of this value.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is “Be Open, Be Smart, Be Careful, Be Clean, Be Safe”.

The programme Fair Sport 4 All has a code of conducts based on these terms, open, smart, careful, clean, and safe.

You can find the explanations of this code of conducts via this link, Code of Conducts.

We invite you to read it and to take knowledge of this value.

Picture

Correct !

Indeed, the programme Fair Sport 4 All has a code of conducts based on these terms, open, smart, careful, clean, and safe.

You can find the explanations of this code of conducts via this link, Code of Conducts.

We invite you to read it and to take knowledge of this value.

6/12

Here is your dilemma, how should you act if you would be in this situation ?

Maybe it already happened to you to have been in this context, and we hope that you took the best decision for your career. We all do know friends which we know for a long time and with whom we have been in touch for, but these contacts, do they generate a great impact on our career?

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is the report of this event.

Helping your friend is a bad idea for your career. In this case, if you choose to give a hand to your friend, this could have a harmful impact on your career and juridical consequences. This integrates an influence on the game, so it leads to a match-fixing situation.

All players, coaches, and managers have the duty to report any type of events related to match-fixing. This report is done in order to make you safe from legal procedures and to help tracking the match-fixing events throughout the year leading to investigations.

By this way, we can make sure you are safe. Indeed, reporting anonymously will make sure that we will stay out of law sentences.

If something happens and you didn’t report anything on the Red Button App, the jury could sentence you being guilty of cooperation in match-fixing cases.

Picture

Correct !

All players, coaches, and managers have the duty to report any type of events related to match-fixing.

By this way, we can make sure you are safe. Indeed, reporting anonymously will make sure that we will stay out of law sentences.

If something happen and you didn’t report anything on the Red Button App, the jury could sentence guilty of cooperation in match-fixing cases.

7/12

What would you do in this situation ?

Different from your precedent dilemma, you will need to make a choice in a situation which can be tricky for you. You just finished your training and came out of the dressing room. You see one of your teammates talking with a stranger that you never saw before. You are quite at quite a distance from them, but you can distinguish some words.

Please indicate your reaction following this type of event :

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is the report of this event.

As the previous question, it is truly important to report any type of incidents.

To be involved in a direct or indirect manner can be prejudicial for your professional career.

As you have seen in the previous questions, you always need to report in a tool. FIFPro and UEFA have signed a joint agreement making the Red Button App the reporting tool where you need to complete the information due to a potential match-fixing case, event, or incident.

Please make sure to be aware of your duty via the Red Button App.

Picture

Correct !

As the previous question, it is truly important to report any type of incidents.

To be involved in a direct or indirect manner can be prejudicial for your professional career.

As you have seen in the previous questions, you always need to report in a tool. FIFPro and UEFA have signed a joint agreement making the Red Button App the reporting tool where you need to complete the information due to a potential match-fixing case, event, or incident.

8/12

What do you risk if you are involved in match-fixing cases ?

Match-fixing is a major problem in the sports and football industry. It became an emergency to react against the criminals trying to fix the game. This attitude of match-fixing can have huge repercussions on your career as well as your personal development.

In some countries, match-fixing is a criminal offence which means that it will follow you alongside your career in or out of the football industry.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is the report of this event.

As the previous question, it is truly important to report any type of incidents.

To be involved in a direct or indirect manner can be prejudicial for your professional career.

As you have seen in the previous questions, you always need to report in a tool. FIFPro and UEFA have signed a joint agreement making the Red Button App the reporting tool where you need to complete the information due to a potential match-fixing case, event, or incident.

Please make sure to be aware of your duty via the Red Button App.

Wrong ! The correct answer is all of above.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is all of above.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is all of above.

Picture

Correct !

Indeed, being involved in a direct or indirect manner can result in several sanctions such as ban, financial fine as well as being fired by your club/organisation.

Regarding the Article 10.2, Statute of limitations, ” Match-fixing, fraud, bribery and corruption are not subject to a statute of limitations.”

We invite all players, coaches and managers to read the UEFA Disciplinary Regulations.

Concerning match-fixing, you should read the article 12, Integrity of matches and competitions and match-fixing, and the articles from 19 to 21 talking about gifts, bribery, and corruption.

9/12

What does spot-fixing mean ? Select the best definition of this term :

The environment of match-fixing considers a lot of particular words referring to certain type of actions. Here is the new definition to identify another term that will potentially help you in your future. This already happened in the football industry several times and have been sanctioned by UEFA.

Picture

Correct !

Spot-fixing is when an individual purposely carries out a certain action, but not necessarily with the intention of losing a game. This action is often unrelated to the final outcome of a game.

Spot-fixing can be the receiver of a yellow card at a certain moment of the game.

As we have seen in one of the dilemmas, one of your friends asked you to influence the number of corners during a half-time, this a perfect example of spot-fixing. The best example remains the one of the yellow card or red card at a certain moment of the game.

Explained in the description of the question, some players already participated in spot-fixing without potentially gaining a financial outcome. Some players carried out some actions in the purpose of receiving a yellow card to miss a game by purpose.

Picture

Wrong ! The correct answer is the first definition.

Spot-fixing is when an individual purposely carries out a certain action, but not necessarily with the intention of losing a game. This action is often unrelated to the final outcome of a game.

Spot-fixing can be the receiver of a yellow card at a certain moment of the game.

As we have seen in one of the dilemmas, one of your friends asked you to influence the number of corners during the first or second half, this a perfect example of spot-fixing. Explained in the description of the question, some players already participated in spot-fixing without potentially gaining a financial outcome.

Some players carried out some actions in the purpose of receiving a yellow card to miss a game by purpose.

We invite you to visit the Fair Sport 4 All brochure and to get further information about match-fixing and its environment.

10/12

Tanking of matches is a term used in some match-fixing cases, but what does it mean ?

In the football industry, we have already listened some stories related to this specific term of tanking of matches. Match-fixing can generate a bad impact on the outcome of a game as well as the trust of your fans in your team. Some scandals have shown the effects of match-fixing on the notoriety of players, clubs, leagues, and even federations at a certain point.

Correct !

Indeed, it is the correct answer for defining the term, tanking of matches. It can be seen as a tactical move, but it is a simple way of arranging a result for the managers.

The most famous suspicious tactical move achieved by teams happened in World Cup 1982. The game between Germany and Austria generates lot of reactions due to a potential tanking of matches.

Check out this video, it will help you to understand better this type of match-fixing.

Wrong ! The correct definition is the first one talking about manipulation of sports competitions by coaches or players, performed as either a tactic or strategy.

Indeed, it is the correct answer for defining the term, tanking of matches. It can be seen as a tactical move, but it is a simple way of arranging a result for the best of managers.

The most famous suspicious tactical move achieved by teams happened in World Cup 1982. The game between Germany and Austria generates lot of reactions due to a potential tanking of this match.

Check out this video, it will help you to understand better this type of match-fixing.

11/12

Are you authorized to own financial interest in a betting company ?

All players need to build their future with financial interest or to own business companies such as real estate, participate to the raise of funds of a start-up, buy a football club, etc. You have a potential deal to sign in order to extend your heritage, but should you accept this ?

Picture

Wrong ! The right answer is no.

According to the UEFA regulations, it is forbidden for any football stakeholders to get involved with a betting company or to own financial interest in this type of company. To be linked with betting companies could get you in huge troubles.

A famous football player avoided 3-year ban and finally got a fine of several thousands of euros due to his involvement in a betting company in terms of owning financial interest. What you need to keep in mind, you need to be as far as you can from betting companies in order to avoid any type of sanctions for your career and also post-career.

If you need to invest money, please make sure you will not be associated to any kind of grey areas sectors where you could get yourself in preoccupant situations.

Picture

Correct !

Indeed, the regulations of UEFA don’t allow you to have any type of relations with a betting company. One famous player has recently faced a fine for it but he could get a ban of 3-year for this investment.

As player, it is forbidden to be in direct contact with a betting company. Moreover, your family must not bet on any games due to the proximity with the environment.

This type of situation could get you in huge troubles leading to a ban of several years or worse.

12/12

To conclude this questionnaire, we invite you to tell us if you would recommend this quiz to one of your teammates ?

Besides answering to this question, we invite you to communicate with us and let us know what we could improve.
The idea is to educate yourself with the match-fixing environment. If we have missed a topic where you would like to have further information, we kindly recommend you to contact us in order to express your feeling.
Thanks for having participated to this questionnaire, let’s see your results !
Picture

Thanks for your participation,

Feel free to recommend the quiz to your colleagues or friends in the football industry.

Contact

Picture

Thanks for your participation,

Please contact us in order to tell us what we could improve in the quiz.

Contact